SPOR06051 2022 Active Ageing

General Details

Full Title
Active Ageing
Transcript Title
Active Ageing
75 %
Subject Area
SPOR - Sport/Rec/Leisure
MKTS - Marketing, Tourism & Sport
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2022 - Full Academic Year 2022-23
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Aileen Brennan, Patricia McCaffrey
Programme Membership
SG_BSPOR_H08 202200 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Sport with Business SG_BAPPL_B07 202200 Bachelor of Business in Applied Sport with Business

The Active Ageing module brings together evidence-based knowledge from different fields and offers the learner practical and evidence based strategies to facilitate adherence to prescribed physical activity and exercise needed to achieve durable results in the preventative health care of ageing populations in both indoor and outdoor natural green and blue exercise settings. 

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Evaluate discussions and methods of exercise and physical activity instruction or play organisation in the e-portfolio journal writing related to personal experience, reading, observations and future practice. 


Design, construct and develop variation of exercise, play and physical activity programmes to realise active ageing. 


Design, construct, develop and perform variation of exercise techniques to realise active ageing. 


Identify the physiological, psychological and sociocultural aspects of exercise, play, and physical activity for older adults.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Reflecting the ATU strategy, learning and teaching experience is learner centred and pursued in a consultative, collaborative and inclusive manner involving collaboration with peers and within the wider community. Learning, teaching and assessment actively explores a variety of approaches providing respect to the diversity of learners. Students will apply critical and reflective learning skills in  e-portfolio writing, providing an opportunity to evaluate their own learning and while also expressing an interrelated personal world view reflecting engagement with others. The practical performance represents an authentic real world teaching/learning activity, where learners work independently and in collaboration to creatively develop their practical leadership competencies before engaging with the wider community on designing programmes of physical activity and exercise, either indoors or outdoors in a natural green setting. 

Module Assessment Strategies

Students' active engagement and individual progress; collaborative integration and exploration of exercise, play and physical activity programmes, techniques and methods: and e-portfolio reflective practice will be assessed during the class in and in presentation by continuous assessment. 

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessment: As above depending on which component has been failed.

Indicative Syllabus

Physiological, Psychological and Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity (Learning Outcome 4).

  • Demographics of older adults.
  • Defining old age.
  • Gerokinesiology: an expanding field of study.
  • Physiological aspects of ageing.
  • Theories of ageing.
  • Models of successful ageing. 
  • Ageing stereotypes.
  • Psychosocial benefits of physical activity. 
  • Promoting physical activity. 

Screening, Assessment, and Goal Setting (learning outcomes 2).

  • Pre-exercise screening.
  • Screening steps.
  • Additional screening tools.
  • Implications for programme design and management.
  • Physical and functional assessments.
  • Recommended assessment tools. 
  • Guidelines for group physical performance testing,
  • Interpreting test results. 
  • Goal setting and behavioural management.

Core Programme Principles and Training Methods (learning outcome 2). 

  • Important considerations when designing exercise programmes for older adults.
  • Heterogeneity of older adults.
  • Optimising physical function through exercise. 
  • Exercise principles for programme design.
  • Specific exercise principles for older adults.

Whole-Person Wellness for Successful Ageing (learning outcomes 4).

  • Wellness: A change in perspective and perception.
  • Defining wellness: A historical perspective. 
  • Whole-person wellness.
  • Defining the dimensions of wellness.
  • Applying the dimensions of wellness.

Principles of the Warm-Up and Cool-Down (learning outcomes 2 & 3). 

  • Warming Up.
  • Goal Setting.
  • Assessing participant readiness. 
  • Increasing the challenge.
  • Engaging participants socially and emotionally.
  • New war-up strategies.
  • Cooling down.

Flexibility Training (learning outcomes 2 & 3).

  • Age-associated changes in flexibility.
  • Types of stretching techniques
  • Incorporating flexibility training into the exercise programme.
  • Examples of flexibility exercises. 

Resistance Training (learning outcomes: 2 & 3).

  • Benefits of resistance training.
  • Principles of resistance training. 
  • Training variables.
  • Resistance training conditions and modalities.
  • Resistance training for older adults.

Aerobic Endurance Training (learning Outcomes: 2 & 3).

  • Benefits of aerobic endurance training for older adults.
  • Principles and considerations for aerobic endurance training.
  • Variables for aerobic endurance training. 
  • Training precautions and considerations.
  • Implications for programme design and management.

Balance and Mobility Training (learning outcomes: 2 & 3).

  • Age-associated changes in balance and mobility.
  • Balance and mobility exercises.
  • Manipulating the challenge in a group setting. 

Physical Activity in Natural Settings: Green and Blue Exercise (learning Outcomes: 2 & 4).

  • Self-determination, nature and wellbeing.
  • Visual cognition and multisensory stimuli.
  • Nature's role in growing resilience. 
  • Physical education and nature. 
  • Mindfulness and green exercise.
  • Positive psychology and pro-environmental behaviour. 

Programme Design, Leadership, and Risk Management (learning Outcomes: 2 & 3).

  • Applying movement analysis and motor learning principles to programme design.
  • Nervous and musculoskeletal systems changes and motor skill learning 
  • Movement analysis of skills
  • Motor learning principles for the physical activity instructor.
  • Developing your teaching and leadership skills.
  • Developing your leadership style.
  • Developing your instructional methods, techniques, and strategies.

Exercise Considerations for Medical Conditions (learning Outcome: 4).

  • Cardiovascular conditions.
  • Pulmonary disorders.
  • Diabetes
  • Musculoskeletal conditions.
  • Neurological and cognitive conditions. 

Legal standards, risk management, and professional ethics (Learning Outcome: 4).

  • The law and the physical activity instructor.
  • Risk management plans.
  • Ethical guidelines for the physical activity instructor.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Practical Presentation Continuous Assessment Performance Evaluation 30 % End of Semester 3
2 Multi Choice Quiz Continuous Assessment Multiple Choice/Short Answer Test 30 % Week 8 4
3 E-portfolio. Continuous Assessment Written Report/Essay 40 % Week 13 1,2

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Classroom Fixed Seating Theoretical Concepts 1 Weekly 1.00
Tutorial Classroom Flexible Seating Principles of Exercise Programming 1 Weekly 1.00
Practical MPC Hall Practical Components 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning Offsite Designing and practicing physical activity leadership, writing up reflective lab report and researching theory components. 3 Weekly 3.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2019-09-02 Intentional Self-Development and Positive Ageing
ISBN 0815365373 ISBN-13 9780815365372

Are we in control of our own development in adulthood, or are we shaped by circumstances beyond our control? By adopting the concept of intentional self-development (ISD), this text outlines an action-theoretical approach to human development that emphasizes both an individual's ability to shape their own development throughout the lifespan, and the extent to which this potential is limited. By examining general age-related changes and critical life events, Intentional Self-Development and Positive Ageing explores the adaptive cognitive-motivational processes that generate positive development in adulthood, including developmental tasks, cognitive changes, life-stage transitions, and biological and neural processes. Leipold goes on to discuss the concept of positive ageing, highlighting the flexibility of the term and evaluating it from multiple perspectives to demonstrate its subjectivity, as well as its importance. This text also discusses the importance of resilience in positive development, contributing to the search for conditions conducive to positive life conduct across the lifespan. This book will be essential reading for undergraduates and postgraduates studying lifespan development and gerontology, positive psychology, or health psychology, as well as researchers in those fields. It will also be of interest to developmental counsellors, clinicians, and other applied occupational groups who are seeking to understand the psychological basis of actions.

Required Reading
2019 Physical Activity in Natural Settings
ISBN 1138894311 ISBN-13 9781138894310

Exercise interactions with green and blue spaces offer low-cost, non-invasive solutions to public health challenges--particularly around mental health and obesity--and issues around environmental sustainability. Physical Activity in Natural Settings brings together multi-disciplinary, international research on physical activity, health and the natural environment, offering evidence-based guidance on implementing nature-based solutions at individual, patient and population levels. Divided over four sections, the book assesses the current research landscape, explores the underlying psychological and physiological mechanisms of the benefits of green exercise, details applied examples of physical activity in natural settings, and suggests future directions for research and practice. It features contributions from experts from around the world and covers topics including: Self-determination, nature and wellbeing Visual cognition and multisensory stimuli Nature's role in growing resilience Physical education and nature Mindfulness and green exercise Positive psychology and pro-environmental behaviour Timely and prescient, and showcasing real-life examples of green exercise prescription, Physical Activity in Natural Settings is fascinating and important reading for any students or researchers in the psychology or physiology of physical activity and health, physical education or outdoor studies, and policy-makers and health professionals.

Required Reading
2018-08-16 Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, 2E Human Kinetics
ISBN 9781450431064 ISBN-13 1450431062

Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, is the most comprehensive text available for current and future fitness professionals who want to design and implement effective, safe, and fun physical activity programs for older adults with diverse functional capabilities.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Rose, D.J. (2019). Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition. 978-1-4504-3106-4. Human Kinetics. 

Journal Resources

Journal of Ageing and Physical Activity, Human Kinetics.

URL Resources

Exercise and the older Adult at: https://www.acsm.org/docs/current-comments/exerciseandtheolderadult.pdf.

Physical and Behavioural Health of Older Irish Adults Access at: http://tilda.tcd.ie/assets/pdf/glossy/Chapter5.pdf

Age and Opportunity: Go For Life Programmes of Physical Activity at: http://www.ageandopportunity.ie/


Additional Information