SPOR06038 2022 Health and Fitness

General Details

Full Title
Health and Fitness
Transcript Title
Health and Fitness
75 %
Subject Area
SPOR - Sport/Rec/Leisure
MKTS - Marketing, Tourism & Sport
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2022 - Full Academic Year 2022-23
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Shirley McKenna
Programme Membership
SG_BSPOR_H08 202200 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Sport with Business SG_BAPPL_B07 202200 Bachelor of Business in Applied Sport with Business

This module lays the foundation for REPS Ireland accreditation in Fitness Instruction. Students will learn the fundamentals of different approaches to warm-up, stretching and cool down and be able to apply the principles of training for the development of flexibility and cardiovascular fitness. Health screening and health /fitness assessment will also be addressed with the use of standardised questionnaires, health indexes, body composition assessment, flexibility and cardiovascular fitness testing. Blended teaching and learning technologies will be employed in the delivery of this module along with practical classes.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Ethically administer practical field tests for flexibility and cardiovascular fitness.


Role play and lesson plan as an instructor for stretching techniques and manipulation of cardiovascular machines.


Explain the physiological adaptations of the cardiovascular system in response to aerobic exercise prescription & lifestyle.


Describe metabolism, fuels for energy, and energy pathways.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Lectures will be used to cover key concepts related to health fitness and exercise prescription. Gym based practical's will engage the candidate in active learning through role play. Students will conduct field tests to establish baseline fitness and health status and learn to plan a workout to develop cardiovascular fitness and flexibility. Moodle will be used as a repository to support students with diverse learning needs.

Module Assessment Strategies

Students will engage in role play as a fitness instructor and learn to physically manipulate cardiovascular machines and apply stretching techniques. Candidates will also conduct baseline fitness tests to assess aerobic capacity, flexibility and health. LO1 and LO2 cannot be achieved without a high level of practical attendance. Successful completion of the e-portfolio is also dependent on practical participation. A multiple choice quiz will be used to test knowledge recall based upon lectures and journal articles provided by the lecturer during the term.

Because this module is linked to an industry qualification in fitness instruction, the following criteria must be met by the student to be eligible for the EQF Level 3 Fitness Instructor award;

  1. The student must pass the MCQ

  2. The student must achieve 60% in the practical.

Note:  Achieving industry standard is NOT guaranteed and depends on the learners level of engagement.

Repeat Assessments

  1. Where significant absence has occurred, the candidate may be required to repeat attend the practical component to achieve LO1 and LO2.

  2. Practical exams will only be re-scheduled for medically certified students.

  3. Candidates may re-submit CA and re-sit the MCQ in the autumn.

Indicative Syllabus

1.0 Ethically administer practical field tests for flexibility and cardiovascular fitness.

  • Conduct a PAR Q and Informed Consent 

  • Conduct health measures (BMI, circumference measures, and body composition) to assess health status in an ethical manner.

  • Conduct flexibility tests appropriate for the client.

  • Conduct cardiovascular fitness tests to establish a baseline VO2 max. that meets the client's needs.


2.0 Role play as a fitness instructor

  • Roleplay as a fitness instructor and demonstrate a range of stretches and manipulation of CV machines.

  • Recognise when and how to modify pre and post-stretches during a session- alternatives/adaptations.

  • Recognise symptoms of exercise stress and effectively monitor exercise intensity.

  • Identify unsafe use of CV machines and unsafe practices in the training environment.

  • Adapt stretching techniques to meet different needs.


3.0 Explain the physiological adaptations of the cardiovascular system in response to aerobic exercise prescription & lifestyle.

  • Describe the physiological adaptations to warm-up, main phase, and cool down.

  • Describe the anatomy of the heart and exercise-related adaptations.

  • Understand blood flow through the body and oxygen extraction.

  • Anatomy of the lungs and pulmonary adaptations to exercise.

  • Identify factors influencing VO2 max (e.g. training mode, age-related decline, health status).

  • Describe the effects of lifestyle and body weight on CV health & disease.

  • Identify the components of health-related fitness.

  • Identify the principles of training (specificity, progressive overload, reversibility, adaptability, individuality, recovery).

  • Identify recommended exercise prescriptions for different populations.


4.0 Describe metabolism, fuels for energy and energy pathways

  • Describe metabolism and calculate BMR.

  • Calculate the caloric content of fat, carbohydrate, and protein.

  • Describe aerobic and anaerobic energy pathways.

  • Describe the relationship between metabolism and body weight.

  • Identify obesity trends and the risks associated with obesity in relation to health.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 E-Portfolio Continuous Assessment Individual Project 30 % Week 8 1
2 Stretching & CV Machine Instruction Practical Performance Evaluation 30 % Week 11 2
3 Online Moodle Quiz Continuous Assessment Multiple Choice/Short Answer Test 40 % End of Semester 3,4

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Classroom Equipped for OLL. Blended delivery 2 Weekly 2.00
Practical MPC GYM Practical 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning MPC GYM Practical Rehearsal 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Reading 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2021-08-24 The Fitness Instructor's Handbook 4th Edition Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN 9781472977342 ISBN-13 1472977343

New and updated, The Fitness Instructor's Handbook, 4th edition is the essential guide for anyone working in, or wishing to enter, the fitness industry: the ultimate resource for students and qualified fitness professionals alike. This edition includes new text on how to avoid poor exercise technique that can increase injury risk as well as a brand new section on field protocols for typical health and fitness tests with guidance on how instructors can standardise them. Other essential updates are also included that reflect changes to the National Occupational Standards for both Level 2 and 3 qualifications. At the end of each chapter you will also find revision questions to sharpen your knowledge and help with exam prep. Chapters include: The skeletal system Muscles and tendons The energy system Circulation and respiration Components of fitness Safety issues Customer service Screening clients Planning and programme design Exercise evaluation Offering the perfect blend of theory and practice for every aspect of health and fitness, this is the resource you will refer to time and again.

Required Reading
2021-08-10 Acsms Fitness Assessment Manual 6
ISBN 1975164458 ISBN-13 9781975164454

Published by the American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM's Fitness Assessment Manual builds on the standards established in ACSM'S Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 11th Edition. With a focus on assessment, this new 6th edition is organized by component of fitness: body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, flexibility; and by type of testing: maximal and submaximal exercise testing, ECG, and metabolic calculations. Updated coverage throughout in a user-friendly format, makes this an essential resource for those studying to enter the fitness and rehabilitation fields, as well as those already working who need to align their practice to industry standards. New and revised content throughout, including new chapters on metabolic calculations and electrocardiography, reflects the latest standards published in ACSM'S Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 11th Edition. New enhanced, large-format, spiral-bound design ensures fast, easy access in any setting. Laboratory activities integrated throughout the test students' knowledge and understanding of assessment methodology. Case studies challenge students to apply what they've learned and strengthen their assessment and interpretation skills. Text boxes, tables and figures clarify important information at a glance. Chapter outlines and summaries highlight key chapter concepts for fast reference. eBook available. Fast, smart, and convenient, today's eBooks can transform learning. These interactive, fully searchable tools offer 24/7 access on multiple devices, the ability to highlight and share notes, and much more.

Required Reading
2020-03-02 Stretching Anatomy Human Kinetics Publishers
ISBN 9781492593645 ISBN-13 1492593648

Stretching Anatomy, Third Edition, is a visual guide to stretches for improving range of motion, muscular strength, stamina, posture, and flexibility. It includes full-color anatomical illustrations highlighting the primary muscles and surrounding structures engaged.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

American College of Sports Medicine 2013 ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN 1609139550 ISBN-13 9781609139551

The flagship title of the certification suite from the American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription is a handbook that delivers scientifically based standards on exercise testing and prescription to the certification candidate, the professional, and the student. The 9th edition focuses on evidence-based recommendations that reflect the latest research and clinical information. This manual is an essential resource for any health/fitness and clinical exercise professional, physician, nurse, physician assistant, physical and occupational therapist, dietician, and health care administrator. This manual gives succinct summaries of recommended procedures for exercise testing and exercise prescription in healthy and diseased patients.

URL Resources
Other Resources

This module requires access to a gym equipped with cardiovascular machines and fitness testing equipment.  It also requires studio space to conduct stretching techniques and fitness testing.


Additional Information