ARCT07035 2022 Theory and Design of Structures 2

General Details

Full Title
Theory and Design of Structures 2
Transcript Title
Theory and Design of Structure
80 %
Subject Area
ARCT - Architecture
YADA - Yeats Academy Art Dsgn & Arch
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2022 - Full Academic Year 2022-23
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Bernadette Donohoe, Deirdre Greaney, Michael Roulston, Cliona Brady, Peter Scanlon, Mary Byrne
Programme Membership
SG_VARDE_H08 202100 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Architectural Design SG_VARCH_H08 202200 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours) SG_VARCI_H08 202200 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Architectural Design

The Structures Module introduces the learner to the theories, principles and application of building technology and structural design, systems of construction, tectonics, detailing and basic structural calculations of medium scale framed multi-storey buildings.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Demonstrate a specialised knowledge of scientific, engineering and technological disciplines.


Describe the structural issues involved within the design of medium-scale buildings.


Analyse the structural components of a medium-scale building and calculate the size of structural elements.


Describe a range of options for construction, detailing and material selection of medium-scale buildings.


Analyse building skeleton and skin locations and their relationship to materials.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Structures module is taught using a combination of lectures, presentations, theoretical discussion and practical based tutorials, workshops, projects, fieldwork and visits.  Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.

Module Assessment Strategies

Student's must pass the Structures Study. This assessment is performance‑orientated and formative modes are used during the process of project work to endeavour to provide constructive feedback. The emphasis in assessment is on: responding contextually; technical design integration; three‑dimensional problem solving skills; communication skills; technical analysis, acceptance of responsibility for learning, and the use of a broad range of learning resources

Repeat Assessments

Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.​


Module Dependencies


Indicative Syllabus

Lecture 1: Introduction to Horizontal Spans:

Spanning systems, Types of construction, Construction depth, Load tracing and distribution.

Lecture 2: Introduction to Vertical Dimension of Structures:

Building scale, Human scale, Roof structures, Structural frames, Tributary loads and load accumulation, Vertical continuity. Columns - Wood, Concrete walls, Masonry walls, Platform framing, Curtain walls.

Lecture 3: Roof structures:

Flat, sloping, Multiple slope, Vaulted roofs. Grid roofs, rectangular grid, diagonal grid, double-layer grid, three-way grid lattice grid, space grid, stressed-skin grid roofs. 

Lecture 4: The beam part 3: Pre-stressed concrete:

Principles of pre-stressing, post-tensioning, pre-tensioning or fully bonded, pre-stressing of steel, advantages of pre-stressed concrete.

Lecture 5: Connections Part 01 – Timber, Steel, Welded, Reinforced concrete

Lecture 6: Connections Part 02 – Timber, Steel, Welded, Reinforced concrete

Lecture 7: Masonry Arch, Vault and Dome:

The arch, the vault, the buttress, the dome.

Lecture 8: Introduction to the Truss:

Compression and tension, Pratt, Howe, Warren, Lattice etc.

Lecture 9: The modern arch and Portal frame

Lecture 10: Folded slabs, Shells, Hyperbolic Paraboloids:

The folded slab, The modern Barrel vault and shell roof, Lattice and folded structures, Domes, the hyperbolic paraboloid.

Lecture 11: Braced domes and Geodesic Domes

Lecture 12: Retaining walls:

Retaining walls, Gravity walls, Reinforced concrete walls, basement walls.


Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Structural Study: Precedence Analysis, 3D Modelling & Calculations Project Project 60 % Week 6 1,2,3,5
2 Structural Study of Design Study Project Project Project 40 % End of Semester 1,2,4,5

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Architectural Studio Theory 1 Weekly 1.00
Supervision Architectural Studio Structures Practical 1 Weekly 1.00
Independent Learning Architectural Studio Self Directed Study 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 2.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2007 Structure and Fabric Pearson Education
ISBN 0131970941 ISBN-13 9780131970946

A new edition of the best selling title in the prestigious Mitchell's Building Series. This book is the first of a two volume set which provides a complete and thorough treatment of the principles and techniques used in the design and construction of a building. This new edition has been thoroughly updated to bring it into line with recent changes in British Standards and developments in construction techniques while retaining the comprehensive approach for which it is renowned.

Recommended Reading
02/07/1992 The idea of building: thought and action in the sesign and production of buildings. Routledge

Required Reading
2015-12 Tony Hunt's Structures Notebook Routledge
ISBN 1138138096 ISBN-13 9781138138094

The purpose of the Structures Notebook is to explain, in the simplest possible terms, about the structure of 'things', and to demonstrate the fact that everything you see and touch, live in and use, living and man-made, has a structure which is acted upon by natural forces and reacts to these forces according to its form and material.The Structures Notebook was originally written by Tony Hunt as a brief teaching aid for students at the Royal College of Art who had very little, if any, knowledge of physics or structural behaviour. It has now been expanded, and with this second edition, updated, into a more comprehensive book while retaining a simple visual and non-mathematical approach to structures.The book is divided into seven main sections, in a logical sequence, and is written in simple language. Each section, related to its text, has a comprehensive set of hand-drawn sketches which show, as simply as possible, what the text is about. The book is almost totally non-mathematical since the author believes very strongly that structural behaviour can be understood best by diagrams and simple descriptions and that mathematics for the majority of people interested in design is a barrier. The design of structures is a combination of art and science and to achieve the best solution, concept should always come before calculation.

Required Reading
1977-01-01 W. Morgan's the Elements of Structure Pitman Publishing
ISBN 0273010794 ISBN-13 9780273010791
Required Reading
2013 Materials and Components of Interior Architecture Prentice Hall
ISBN 0132769158 ISBN-13 9780132769150

Includes bibliographical references (page 226) and index.

Required Reading
2007-06-22 Structural Design Wiley
ISBN 0471789046 ISBN-13 9780471789048

Written for the practicing architect, Structural Design addresses the process on both a conceptual and a mathematical level. Most importantly, it helps architects work with structural consultants and understand all the necessary considerations when designing structural systems. Using a minimum of simple math, this book shows you how to make correct design calculations for structures made from steel, wood, concrete, and masonry. What?s more, this edition has been completely updated to reflect the latest design methods and codes, including LRFD for steel design. The book was also re-designed for easy navigation. Essential principles, as well as structural solutions, are visually reinforced with hundreds of drawings, photographs, and other illustrations--making this book truly architect-friendly.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

see booklist

Journal Resources

see module handbook

URL Resources

see module handbook

Other Resources

Refer to Architecture Space and Resource provision Handbook.

Dedicated studio space for each student registered on the the academic year of the BArch programme.

Including but not limited to: 

Drawing Board, Layout space, wall space, drawing/model storage, materials storage.

Printing and scanning facilities (A0, A1, A2, A3).

Model Making benches, cutting surfaces, hand tools, lazer cutters, 3Dprinters

Technology/Materials Lab

Critique space

General and Archive storage.