ARCT06005 2019 Architectural Technologies & Environment 1

General Details

Full Title
Architectural Technologies & Environment 1
Transcript Title
Architectural Technologies & E
80 %
Subject Area
ARCT - Architecture
YADA - Yeats Academy Art Dsgn & Arch
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Bernadette Donohoe, Deirdre Greaney, Michael Roulston, Cliona Brady, Peter Scanlon, Mary Byrne
Programme Membership
SG_VARCH_H08 201900 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours) SG_DINTE_B07 201900 Bachelor of Arts in Design in Interior Architecture and Design SG_DINTE_B07 201900 Bachelor of Arts in Interior Architecture and Design SG_VINTE_B07 201900 Bachelor of Arts in Interior Architecture and Design SG_VARCH_H08 202100 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours) SG_VARCH_H08 201800 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours) SG_VARDE_H08 202100 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Architectural Design SG_VARCH_H08 202200 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours) SG_VINTE_B07 202200 Bachelor of Arts in Interior Architecture and Design SG_VARCI_H08 202100 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Architectural Design SG_VARCI_H08 202200 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Architectural Design

The module introduces the learner to the theories, principles and application of environmental design, building services, building materials and construction technology that underpin architectural production. The module will identify the relationship between climate in a global, macro regional and micro site analytical model. Patterns of wind and solar and daylight design. Analysis of landscape from a topographic and geographic context and analyse the built environment in rural, coastal and townscapes. Resonating these studies with current global issues within the context of the local environment of the West Atlantic corridor. It will allow the learner to examine the technical strategies  and services necessary to provide a healthy and comfortable living environment. It will provide the learner with an understanding of the broad range of materials and approaches to their utilisation in buildings. The module will describe the principles of the methods of construction for small scale buildings.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Characterise and articulate the concept of the ‘built environment’, its different aspects (e.g. spatial, ergonomic, aesthetic, acoustic, visual, thermal) and how these are perceived by and affect building users.


Demonstrate the elementary technical skills of the architect and their use in design and formulate the basic principles of architectural technologies.


Determine the methods for the creation of design responses to defined structural problems.


Demonstrate a basic knowledge of environmental systems and the relationship the built environment has to environmental issues.


Differentiate the systems and services necessary to provide a healthy and comfortable building environment.


Identify the characteristics of common building materials.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Technology is taught using a combination of lectures, presentations, theoretical discussion and practical based tutorials, workshops, projects, fieldwork and visits.  Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.


Module Assessment Strategies

A series of continuous assessment typologies are utilised throughout the semester to examine both theoretical and practical aspects of the students’ learning.

  • Presentations both individual and group
  • Class tests/quizzes – Moodle and class based
  • Project work
  • Reports
  • Formal examination

Repeat Assessments

Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.​

Module Dependencies


Indicative Syllabus

The module comprises of four related themes:

Environment Design – Introduction to the interpretation of the Irish landscape and the principles of environmental design. Relationship between climate, ecology, landscape and the built environment.

Building Technology – Introduction to the construction methods and performance of buildings for an understanding of building technology of the built form and its impact on health and comfort.

Building Materials – Understanding of the broad range of materials in architectural construction, their classification, properties, performance, relationship to the environment and appropriate application in buildings

Building Services – Introduction to the services and systems in buildings - passive and active. Energy, light, air, water, heating.

Lecture 1: Environment Design: Introduction to Principles of Good Environmental Design: Climate Change Science, Climate & Buildings

Lecture 2: Environment Design: Framing the Concept of Sustainable Development, Principles of Energy Efficient Building, Health & Comfort, Legislation & Compliance

Lecture 3: Environment Design: Environment & Resource Use: Energy Use, Energy Demand & Security. Materials Selection, Life Cycle Analysis, Waste and Water.

Lecture 4: Building Technology: Introduction to Structures: Design Principles

Lecture 5: Building Technology: Introduction to Masonry/Timber/Concrete/Steel Construction.

Lecture 6: Building Technology: Traditional Construction Methodologies

Field Trip Week.

Lecture 7: Building Materials: Selecting Building Materials – Environmental: Site Ecology, Climate, Environmental Impact, Environmentally Responsible Selection, Re-cycling & Re-Use

Lecture 8: Building Materials: Introduction to the Nature & Physical Properties of Construction Materials, Classification & Functional/ Performance Characteristics of Common Building Materials

Lecture 9: Building Materials: Healthy Building Design – Non Hazardous Material Selection, Colour, Texture, and Pattern.

Lecture 10: Building Services – Introduction to the services and systems in domestic buildings: Factors affecting energy use for heating, lighting and small power and impact on energy consumption. Space and water heating systems and measures to improve their energy performance. Localised Vs. Centralised Systems. Boiler Technology and the variety that are commonly used in industry. Energy use of heat pumps, sizing and flow rates. Factors affecting boiler Efficiency and compliance with Part L Building regulations. Main strategies for Boiler sizing & how to make systems more efficient. Types of heating control in common use / Time and Temperature Zone Control works and understand Boiler Interlock (demand related use). Services and analysis through DEAP. Principles of energy efficient lighting and the relative efficiencies of lamps currently available in the market.

Lecture 11: Building Services: Ventilation, Water Supply: Ventilation Strategy, Extract Ventilation, Purge Ventilation, Activity Based Airborne Pollutants, Environment Based Airborne Pollutants, Ventilation Rates, Traditional forms of ventilation, Types of Ventilation Systems, Natural Ventilation with Intermittent Mechanical Extract, Passive Stack Ventilation (PSV), Mechanical Extract Ventilation (MEV), Mechanical Heat Recovery Ventilation (MVHR), Positive Input Ventilation (PIV). Water supply & Distribution, Water Quality, Connections to water mains, Hot & Cold water supplies, Cold Water Supply Systems, Cistern feed hot water supply, Hot water storage, Water services to Multi-storey buildings.

Lecture 12: Building Services: Foul and Surface Water Drainage, Sanitary Appliances, Waste water appliances, Foul drainage, Drainage layout, Combined Drains, Separate Drains, Drainage pipes, Drainage Bedding, Drains under buildings, Access points, Inspection chambers, Connections & Traps, Roof & Surface water drainage, Guttering, Connecting drains, Drainage Systems & Soakaways.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Assessment 02 Coursework Assessment Group Project 30 % Week 10 1,2,6
2 Assignment 01 Coursework Assessment Individual Project 70 % End of Semester 1,3,4,5,6

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Technology Lectures 3 Weekly 3.00
Supervision Flat Classroom Technology Tutorial 1 Weekly 1.00
Independent Learning Architectural Studio Self Directed Study 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2014-02-17 Building Construction Illustrated John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9781118458341 ISBN-13 1118458346

The classic visual guide to the basics of building construction, now with a 3D digital building model for interactive learning For over three decades, Building Construction Illustrated has offered an outstanding introduction to the principles of building construction. This new edition of the revered classic remains as relevant as ever, providing the latest information in Francis D.K. Ching's signature style. Its rich and comprehensive approach clearly presents all of the basic concepts underlying building construction. New to this edition are digital enhancements delivered as an online companion to the print edition and also embedded in e-book editions. Features include a 3D model showing how building components come together in a final project. llustrated throughout with clear and accurate drawings that present the state of the art in construction processes and materials Updated and revised to include the latest knowledge on sustainability, incorporation of building systems, and use of new materials Contains archetypal drawings that offer clear inspiration for designers and drafters Reflects the 2012 International Building Codes and 2012 LEED system This new edition of Building Construction Illustrated remains as relevant as ever, with the most current knowledge presented in a rich and comprehensive manner that does not disappoint.

Recommended Reading
2013-11-11 Building Structures Illustrated John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9781118458358 ISBN-13 1118458354

A new edition of Francis D.K. Ching's illustrated guide to structural design Structures are an essential element of the building process, yet one of the most difficult concepts for architects to grasp. While structural engineers do the detailed consulting work for a project, architects should have enough knowledge of structural theory and analysis to design a building. Building Structures Illustrated takes a new approach to structural design, showing how structural systems of a buildingsuch as an integrated assembly of elements with pattern, proportions, and scaleare related to the fundamental aspects of architectural design. The book features a one-stop guide to structural design in practice, a thorough treatment of structural design as part of the entire building process, and an overview of the historical development of architectural materails and structure. Illustrated throughout with Ching's signature line drawings, this new Second Edition is an ideal guide to structures for designers, builders, and students. Updated to include new information on building code compliance, additional learning resources, and a new glossary of terms Offers thorough coverage of formal and spatial composition, program fit, coordination with other building systems, code compliance, and much more Beautifully illustrated by the renowned Francis D.K. Ching Building Structures Illustrated, Second Edition is the ideal resource for students and professionals who want to make informed decisions on architectural design.

Recommended Reading
2000-01-01 Low-tech Light-tech High-tech Birkhauser
ISBN 3764363290 ISBN-13 9783764363291

This book looks at the challenges facing architects and urban planners in contemporary society. It analyses current trends, future scenarios and solutions from the past, providing detailed information on what it means to build in a sustainable, ecologically sound way, whilst making full use of the technology which we now have at our fingertips. Previously available as a hardcover but now out of print, it is being reprinted as a special softcover edition.

Recommended Reading
2017-11-16 Environmental Science in Building Red Globe Press
ISBN 1137605448 ISBN-13 9781137605443

This popular textbook covers how the built environment and the management of energy relate to the quality of human living-conditions and the environmental performance of buildings. It is the key introductory text for understanding the principles and theories of the environmental science behind construction, and the only text on the market to provide the basic scientific principles of such a broad range of topics. The text covers a range of areas in the field, including climate change, energy management, and sustainability in construction, with an important focus on contemporary environmental topics such as carbon, lifetime performance and rating schemes. The author is known for his extremely clear, finely crafted text, and the book offers a wealth of excellent worked examples. This text is designed to be useful, at all levels, to students and practitioners of architecture, construction studies, building services, surveying, and environmental science.

Recommended Reading
2008 Interior Surfaces and Materials Birkhauser Architecture
ISBN 3764388102 ISBN-13 9783764388102

Architecture is defined by its materials and surfaces. Not infrequently, it is their look and feel that determine whether a project succeeds or fails. For this reason, it is crucially important that planners choose the right materials and use them correctly, a task that is especially challenging today, when they are confronted with an almost dizzying variety of design possibilities and almost unlimited industrial production techniques. In Detail: Materials for Interiors provides detailed and specific information on the use of appropriate materials in interior design. The book leads off with an overview of the range of available products for interior design, including large-format photographs of each material and interiors that use them. This is followed by detailed discussions of relevant aspects and production methods of the individual material groups, including selected examples. The processing of the materials is illustrated by production photographs from the construction site and numerous detail drawings. In the accompanying texts, expert planners who specialize in the various materials share their practical knowledge of how to use them. The technical articles and example projects focus on the surface of the material and how it is produced or comes to be and contain corresponding decision support for planners. Additional technical information on the materials used and a list of manufacturer and vendor addresses round out the volume.

Recommended Reading
2014 Introduction to Architectural Science
ISBN 0415824982 ISBN-13 9780415824989

Introducing the basics of architectural science, this book is an ideal reference, providing an understanding of the physical basis of architectural design. The knowledge gained from this book equips the reader with the tools to realize the full potential of the good intentions of sustainable, bioclimatic design. All sections have been revised and updated for this second edition including more information on small scale energy generation methods and techniques. The book has also been reformatted to be even more accessible, with a larger page size and colour printing.

Recommended Reading
2011 Construction Technology 3 Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN 0230290140 ISBN-13 9780230290143

This title covers the technology of refurbishment in both housing and large-span multi-storey commercial and industrial buildings.

Recommended Reading
1997-02-05 Conserving Buildings Wiley
ISBN 0471509442 ISBN-13 9780471509448

The updated paperback edition of Weaver's landmark work--the essential manual on materials and procedures for restoring buildings Conserving Buildings, Revised Edition, is the ideal resource for anyone involved in the maintenance, restoration, or rehabilitation of historic buildings. The book combines practical information on the characteristics, composition, and deterioration of building materials with detailed coverage of state-of-the-art conservation methods, fully updated in this edition with current developments in research and practice. The book contains: * Systematic treatment of all major building materials--stone, ceramics, masonry, cement-based materials, metal, glass, synthetic resins, and polymers * Valuable instruction on the restoration and renewal of foundations and footings, slate roofing systems, materials, and other structural details * Easy-to-follow procedures for conducting structural building surveys * Over 150 photographs and line drawings, plus case studies from Columbia University's acclaimed Center for Preservation Research * Newly expanded references, with accessible sources of further information Whether used as a hands-on sourcebook or a technical desktop reference, Conserving Buildings, Revised Edition, is the manual of choice for architects, engineers, preservation professionals, historic building owners, and students.

Required Reading
1999-10-12 The Construction of Buildings - Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN 0632052619 ISBN-13 9780632052615

Since publication of the first volume of The Construction of Buildings in 1958, the five-volume series has been used by both lecturers and students of architecture, building and surveying, and by those seeking guidance for self-built housing and works of alteration and addition. The series examines principles of building through the functional requirements common to building, with diagrams to illustrate the application of the requirements. Volume 1, which deals with foundations, walls, floors and roofs, has been updated to take into account changes in practice. A new presentation has been adopted for the latest edition, with text and illustrations integrated to provide a reader-friendly layout and to aid accessibility of information.

Required Reading
2010 Building Construction Handbook Routledge
ISBN 9781856178051 ISBN-13 1856178056

Building Construction Handbook is an authoritative reference for all students and professionals. It is full of detailed drawings that clearly illustrate the construction of building elements. The principles and processes of construction are explained with the concepts of design included where appropriate. Extensive coverage of building construction practice and techniques, representing both traditional procedures and modern developments, are also included to provide the most comprehensive and easy to understand guide to building construction. The new edition has been reviewed and updated to include further material on energy conservation, sustainable construction, environmental and green building issues. More details of fire protection to elements of construction are now provided. Comprehensive coverage of techniques, but not in too great a depth Many clear, effective diagrams express ideas visually. Regularly updated text with a strong track record

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

See book list

Journal Resources

Detail Magazine.

Architects Journal

RIAI Journal 


URL Resources
Other Resources


IHS Database (online)